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Om myndigheten / Organisation / Råd och nämnder / Vetenskapligt råd för elektromagnetiska fält

Vetenskapligt råd för elektromagnetiska fält

Strålsäkerhetsmyndighetens vetenskapliga råd för elektromagnetiska fält, EMF, ger myndigheten råd i fråga om sambandet mellan EMF och biologiska effekter. Rådet ger även vägledning inför ställningstagande i policyfrågor där en vetenskaplig prövning av olika uppfattningar eller ståndpunkter är nödvändig. Myndigheten kan höra rådet i en viss fråga, och rådet kan på eget initiativ lämna synpunkter på en fråga inom dess område.

Rådet ska följa den vetenskapliga utvecklingen inom EMF-området, och en gång per år lämna en skriftlig rapport om kunskapsläget till Strålsäkerhetsmyndigheten.

Rådet sammanträder minst två gånger per år, och därutöver på begäran av myndigheten eller på eget initiativ. 

Ordförande i rådet är Leif Moberg.

Lars Mjönes är sekreterare. 

Ledamöter:

  • Doktor Anke Huss, Universiteit Utrecht, Nederländerna
  • Professor Clemens Dasenbrock, Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, Hannover
  • Doktor Emilie van Deventer, World Health Organization, Schweiz
  • Doktor Eric van Rongen, Health Council of the Netherlands, Nederländerna
  • Professor Heidi Danker-Hopfe, Charité-Universitätsmedizin, Tyskland
  • Doktor Lars Klaeboe, Strålevernet, Norge
  • Doktor Maria Scarfi, Institute for electromagnetic Sensing of Environment, Italien
  • Professor Martin Röösli, University of Basel, Schweiz

Rapporter:


2016:15 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risk, Eleventh report from SSM’s Scientific Council on Electromagnetic Fields, 2016 [1778 kb]

Including Thirteen years of electromagnetic field research monitored by SSM’s Scientific Council on EMF and health: How has the evidence changed over time?

The report has the objective of covering the previous year’s research in the area of electromagnetic fields (EMF). The report gives the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority an overview and provides an important basis for risk assessment.

The present annual report is the eleventh in this series and covers studies published from
October 2014 up to and including September 2015. The report covers different areas of EMF (static, low frequency, intermediate, and radio frequency fields) and different types of studies such as biological, human and epidemiological studies. This report also includes an overview of how scientific evidence of different causal links between exposure and health risks have changed over the past thirteen years. The annual report also has a section covering other relevant scientific reports published recently.

Utgivningsdatum: 2016-05-19
Utgivare: SSM

2015:19 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risk - Tenth report from SSM’s Scientific Council on Electromagnetic Fields, 2015 [1506 kb]

The objective of the report is to cover the previous year’s research in the area of electromagnetic fields (EMF). The report gives the Authority an overview and provides an important basis for risk assessment.

The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority’s (SSM) scientific council monitors the current research situation and provides the Authority with advice on the assessment of risks, authorization and optimization within the area. The council gives guidance when the Authority must give an opinion on policy matters when scientific testing is necessary. The council is required to submit a written report on the current research and knowledge situation each year.

This report includes an update on key issues such as extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields and childhood leukaemia, effects from mobile phones, health risk from transmitters and self-reported electromagnetic hypersensitivity. The report also has a section covering other relevant expert reports published recently.

Utgivningsdatum: 2015-03-01
Utgivare: SSM

2014:16 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risk, Ninth report from SSM’s Scientific Council on Electromagnetic Fields, 2014 [3192 kb]

The objective of the report is to cover the previous year’s research in the area of electromagnetic fields (EMF). The report gives the Authority an overview and provides an important basis for risk assessment.

The present annual report is number nine in the series and covers studies published up to and including September 2013. It covers different areas of EMF (static, low frequency intermediate and radio frequent fields) and different types of studies such as biological, human and epidemiological studies. This report includes an update on key issues such as extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields and childhood leukaemia, effects from mobile phones, health risk from transmitters and self-reported electromagnetic hypersensitivity. The report also has a section covering other relevant expert reports published recently.

Utgivningsdatum: 2014-04-14
Utgivare: SSM

2013:19 Eighth report from SSM:s Scientific Council on Electromagnetic Fields [1446 kb]

The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority`s (SSM) scientific council monitors the current research situation and gives the authority advice on the assessment of risks, authorization and optimization within the area. The council gives guidance when the authority shall give an opinion on policy matters when scientific testing is necessary. The council shall submit a written report on the current research and knowledge situation each year.

The objectives of the report are to cover the last year’s research in the area of electromagnetic fields (EMF). The report gives the authority an overview and provides an important base for risk assessment.

In this report covering both 2011 and 2012 an update on key issues is included such as extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields and childhood leukemia, effects from mobile phones, health risk from transmitters and self-reported electromagnetic hypersensitivity. It also covers different areas of EMF (static, low frequency intermediate and radio frequent fields) and different types of studies such as biological, human and epidemiological studies. The report also has a section covering other recent reports.

Utgivningsdatum: 2013-05-03
Utgivare: SSM

2010:44 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risk Seventh annual report from SSM:s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2010 [3843 kb]

This year has seen the publication of the long awaited Interphone study looking at brain tumour risk in mobile phone users. However, the advent of these new data does not change the overall picture being that for up to about ten years of mobile phone use associations with brain tumour risk are unlikely. This conclusion is based on the collective of studies on mobile phone use and brain tumour risk as well as on overall trends (rather lack thereof) in brain tumour statistics. For longer duration of use, for specific subtypes of cancer, and for children and adolescents data are sparse or non-existing, and conclusions are less certain.

Available data do not indicate any risks related to exposure to RF from base stations or radio or TV antennas. Taking into account also the low levels of exposure that these sources give rise to, health effects from transmitters are unlikely.

While heating remains the only established biological effect from exposure to RF fields, the studies on human volunteers showing effects on EEG in the alpha band are rather interesting and certainly warrant further study. The effects are weak and not associated with any behavioural or health consequences. However, they appear to be mediated by a mechanism other than heating.

Utgivningsdatum: 2011-01-19
Utgivare: SSM

2009:36 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Sixth annual report from SSM:s independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields 2009 [1916 kb]

A large number of cell studies are done on both genotoxic and non-genotoxic outcomes, such as apoptosis gene expression. There are no new positive findings from cellular studies that have been well established in terms of experimental quality and replication. Potential heating of the samples is still seen as a major source of artefacts. Moreover, these few positive results are not related to each other and/or are not relevant for heath risk assessment.

There are animal studies on brain structure and brain function as well as on genotoxicity and cancer. Also reproductive effects are looked at. However, animal studies have not identified any clear effects on any of a number of different biological endpoints following exposure to RF radiation typical of mobile phone use, generally at levels too low to induce significant heating.

Many human laboratory studies reviewed here are provocation studies with rather short exposures. Most use methods that are too crude, or look at phenomena that are too small, or non-existent, for the research to be informative. However, EEG alpha- and betafrequencies seem to be sensitive to modulation by some pulse-modulation frequencies of the microwave- or GSM-signal. This curious effect does not have any behavioural counterpart, since similar types of EMF has been applied in various behavioural studies with negative results. This needs to be pursued. Surprisingly few studies have been done on children. In light of all official recommendations in different countries with special emphasis on children's use of mobile phones, this is rather peculiar.

Several epidemiological studies on mobile phone use and cancer have been presented since the previous report, including national studies from the Interphone group as well as other studies. There are also studies on reproductive outcomes. A few recent studies on people living near transmitters have also appeared. None of this changes any of the Groups previous conclusions. For conclusions, see the section on conclusions based on currently available data. However, one can draw some methodological conclusions at this point. One is that the problems in case control studies are too large for more such studies to be warranted at present. Another one is that cross- sectional research on symptoms, or other end points for that matter, also have too big inherent methodological problems to be warranted.

Utgivningsdatum: 2009-12-16
Utgivare: SSM

2008:12 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Fifth annual report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2007 [602 kb]

The report for 2007 is divided into four different frequency fields: static fields, extremely low frequency fields (ELF), intermediate fields (IF) and radiofrequency fields (RF). Recent volunteer studies have shown that movement in very strong static magnetic fields (>1T, used in magnetic resonance imaging) can induce electrical fields in the body and sensations of vertigo in some people and also an impaired performance of a visual tracking task.

New data on ELF fields and childhood leukaemia published during the last year does not change the overall conclusions of the previous report. A review has concluded that it appears unlikely that ELF fields cause cardiovascular disease. Only few experimental and epidemiological studies are available on health effects of IF electromagnetic fields.

One study reports that the whole body SAR is higher than previously thought when short subjects or children are exposed to far field RF waves as compared to tall subjects or adults. Recent, methodologically more rigorous human laboratory studies do not replicate the positive findings from smaller, less rigorous studies published a few years ago, but a few positive effects are reported. Few new data on mobile phone use and brain tumour risk have been published during the last year.

This years report also includes results from three surveys: The WHO Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) Document on ELF fields, The European Commission Scientific Committee on Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) has updated a previous opinion from 2001 regarding health risks from electric and magnetic fields and The UK Stakeholder Advisory Group on ELF EMF (SAGE).

Utgivningsdatum: 2008-04-01
Utgivare: SSM,SSI

2007:04 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Fourth annual report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2006 [476 kb]

This year’s report includes a preamble in which the work process of the group is described. In particular the methods for evaluation of the results of studies as well as for synthesizing the scientific evidence within a research area are described. A recent childhood leukaemia study from Japan is in line with previous epidemiologic findings. The effects of RF fields on many different genotoxicity endpoints have been evaluated both in vitro and in vivo using a wide range of exposure levels, and most of the studies have reported no effects.

The most recent studies reviewed for the present report do not appear to strengthen the evidence of any genotoxic effects of RF fields. The results from the REFLEX project, reporting increased DNA strand breaks in cell cultures exposed to RF fields, need to be better understood before conclusions can be drawn. A replication of the TNO study did not find effects of UMTS-like base-station RF radiation on cognitive performance and well-being.

Recently published studies on mobile phone use and cancer risk do not change the earlier overall assessment of the available evidence from epidemiological studies. In particular an extended follow up of a cohort study from Denmark does not alter the conclusions. In the report for 2005 the expert group assessed the evidence for five key issues in health-related EMF research. In this years report the expert group has added one issue: Possible interaction mechanisms for weak exposure from ELF and RF electromagnetic fields.

Utgivningsdatum: 2007-03-01
Utgivare: SSI

2006:02 Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Third annual report from SSIs Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields 2005 [578 kb]

SSI:s international independent expert group for electromagnetic fields was established in 2002. In December each year a report on the scientific development in the field is delivered to the Director General of SSI. This is the third annual report. Recent studies from the REFLEX programme suggest genotoxic effects from exposure to relatively weak extremely low frequency and radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields. However, results from other recent studies were negative. The recent studies have not established effects that would change the previous conclusions.

Recent results of studies of the blood-brain-barrier aimed at replicating earlier positive work have been negative. On balance, the evidence that exposure to RF fields alters the blood-brain-barrier is weak. Two recent Interphone studies on brain tumours suggest that there is no risk increase either for short-term or long-term use, although long-term data are sparse. However, for longterm use and acoustic neuroma there is a concern, and more information is required. The few studies that have been published on health risks among populations living near transmitters have had major methodological shortcomings. The exposure to the general population from transmitters is very weak and one would not expect such exposure to produce a health risk. Cancer risk in mobile phone users have been discussed in all reports. Short-term use of mobile phones does not appear to be associated with cancer risks in adults. However, other outcomes have not been studied, no studies on children or adolescents have been done, and long-term use has not been fully evaluated.

Utgivningsdatum: 2006-03-01
Utgivare: SSI

2005:01 Reports from SSI:s International Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields 2003 and 2004 [717 kb]

Part 1: The focus of the 2003 report is on epidemiological and experimental cancer research, blood-brain barrier and heat shock proteins. In none of these areas have there been breakthrough results since the British Stewart-report and the Swedish RALF-report that have warranted fi rm conclusions in one way or the other.

Part 2: The three fi rst reports from the Interphone Study have been presented
this year. A Swedish study suggests that long-term use of mobile phones increases the risk of acoustic neuroma, at the side of the head where the phone is used. The results, however, must be interpreted with caution while other groups with suffi cient numbers of long term users fi nalize their analyses. For ELF magnetic fields there are indications that children might be more sensitive; however, we lack the understanding of how, or even if, these fi elds might be involved in leukemogenesis. For RF fi elds, widespread exposure to these fi elds is recent and very little is known about the potential sensitivity of children.

Utgivningsdatum: 2005-04-01
Utgivare: SSI

Senast uppdaterad/granskad 2014-07-01