Our review process

The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM, has concluded its regulatory review of SKB's applications for a system for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. In our pronouncement to the Swedish Government, which was submitted on 23 January 2018, we recommend that the Government grant the licence to SKB.

The basis of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority's assessments in the statement of our findings to the Government is the reviews performed by the Authority (SSM) to determine whether the proposed operation meets our nuclear safety and radiation protection requirements. A repository is not allowed to expose people or the environment to more radiation than one-hundredth of the level of natural background radiation.

These enactments form the parameters of SSM's review:

  • Act on Nuclear Activities
  • Radiation Protection Act
  • Environmental Code (parts of the Code applicable to licensing under the Act on Nuclear Activities)

Cross-disciplinary review

A cross-disciplinary team of around 80 experts has examined whether SKB's system for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel meets nuclear safety and radiation protection requirements. SSM has been assisted by national and international experts.

The review of the Authority has comprised an assessment as to whether SKB has sufficiently demonstrated the following:

  • Rationale behind the choice of Forsmark, in Östhammar Municipality, as the preferred location for the repository
  • Rationale behind the method for final disposal and explanation of why the KBS-3 method is preferable to other methods
  • Capability to develop and operate encapsulation and repository facilities in fulfilment of radiation safety requirements
  • The repository has capability to be safe over the long term and meet nuclear safety and radiation protection requirements for this step of the review process.

At SSM, we have also assessed SKB's environmental impact assessment (EIA) as well as considered matters regarding nuclear safety and radiation protection in relation to the Environmental Code's general rules of consideration: necessary knowledge, precautions and best available technology, and principles of conservation, natural cycles and siting.