Many stakeholders are involved in the waste management programme. A brief description of the respective authorities, municipalities, organisations, associations and companies as well as links to their websites are provided below.

State and public authorities and committees

Government Offices

The Government makes decisions on whether SKB will be authorised to construct a repository for spent nuclear fuel. The Government reviews applications in light of the Environmental Code and Act on Nuclear Activities. The Government has given SSM the task of reviewing SKB’s application under the Act on Nuclear Activities. When the application has been reviewed, a report is presented to the Government. The Land and Environment Court reviews the application under the Environmental Code and reports its findings to the Government.

Before the Government grants SKB a licence to construct a repository, Östhammar Municipality must also approve SKB’s applications.

Ministry of the Environment

This ministry is responsible for legislation regarding nuclear safety and radiation protection. A safe radiation environment is one of the sixteen national goals for environmental quality that the Swedish parliament has decided upon.

Swedish Radiation Safety Authority

The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority has a mandate in the areas of radiation protection and nuclear safety, and is accountable to the Ministry of the Environment. We work proactively to protect people and the environment from harmful effects of radiation, now and in the future. The Authority, also called "SSM", was founded on 1 July 2008, when it assumed the responsibilities of its predecessors, the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) and Swedish Radiation Protection Authority (SSI).

Land and Environment Court 

The Land and Environment Court judges environmental and water-related cases in relation to the Environmental Code. The Court reviews all environmental aspects of the entire repository system.

Swedish National Council for Nuclear Waste

The Swedish National Council for Nuclear Waste is a scientific committee under the Ministry of the Environment. The Council has the task of investigating matters and questions related to nuclear waste as well as the decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear facilities. It also advises the Government on these matters.

Swedish Nuclear Waste Fund

The Nuclear Waste Fund is a government authority with the primary task of administrating fees that have been collected from nuclear power reactor owners. Fees are to be used for paying costs for the spent nuclear fuel repository.


  • Oskarshamn Municipality
  • Östhammar Municipality

County councils and regions

  • Kalmar County
  • Uppsala County

County administrative boards

  • County Administrative Board of Kalmar County
  • County Administrative Board of Uppsala County

Nuclear industry

SKB (Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co.)

SKB is a company that is collectively owned by nuclear power companies in Sweden. Founded in the 1970s, SKB's mission is mainly management of all spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste from nuclear power plants. SKB is also in charge of the following facilities where waste is presently stored: Clab, an interim storage facility located outside Oskarshamn, a repository for short-lived radioactive waste outside Forsmark, as well as BFA, rock vaults designed for waste, located on the Simpevarp peninsula.

Non-profit organisations

Here is a list of only those organisations that receive funding from the Swedish Nuclear Waste Fund in order to monitor the repository issue.

Swedish NGO Office for Nuclear Waste Review, MKG

MKG, environmental organisations’ body for nuclear waste review, is a cooperative effort between the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, the Society for Nature Conservation in Uppsala County, the Nature Conservation Association in Kalmar County, Nature & Youth Sweden, and the Public Opinion Group for Safe Final Storage of Radioactive Waste in Oskarshamn (OSS). MKG is a non-profit organisation that monitors and reviews the nuclear power industry's planning for identification of methods for repositories for radioactive waste from nuclear power plants, and the industry's plans on siting of repositories.

Swedish Environmental Movement’s Nuclear Waste Secretariat, Milkas

Milkas is a non-profit association founded in 2004 by the popular movement against nuclear power and nuclear weapons, plus by an environmental association, Friends of the Earth Sweden. The purpose of the association is to keep abreast of and critically review all the various projects that involve taking care of highly radioactive waste, as well as work for the purpose of achieving optimal, long-term and environmentally sound solutions.

Swedish Renewable Energies Organization, SERO

SERO is a non-profit and non-partisan association. Founded in 1980, the association promotes use of domestic and renewable sources of energy that are included in an ecological cycle and make the least possible impact on the environment.