The EU’s amended nuclear safety directive implemented in Sweden
The amended Directive concerning nuclear safety is now implemented in Sweden in the form of amendments made to both the Act and Ordinance on Nuclear Activities, in addition to through changes made to the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority's regulations. These amended enactments are in effect as of 1 August 2017.
On 8 July 2014, the Council of the European Union adopted Council Directive 2014/87/Euratom amending Directive 2009/71/Euratom establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations. No later than 15 August 2017, Member States have the task of implementing the provisions as part of legislation and the other enactments necessary for compliance with the Directive. In Sweden, the following are now amended for implementation of this Directive: the Act on Nuclear Activities (1984:3) with the appurtenant Ordinance on Nuclear Activities (1984:14), plus two of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority's regulations, SSMFS 2008:1 and SSMFS 2014:2.
The changes made not only more clearly define licensees' responsibility for ensuring safety at nuclear facilities in addition to requirements imposed for safety objectives, but also ongoing evaluation and verification of safety work.
"It is good to have the responsibility of licensees defined even more clearly, with this responsibility also encompassing contractors' and sub-contractors' work if such activities have the potential of affecting nuclear safety at a nuclear facility," says Lars Skånberg, acting department director at the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority.
The amendments in force also imply implementation of provisions on giving the Authority insight into how the licensees ensure that contractors, suppliers and sub-contractors comply with the safety requirements, also that licensees in connection with a radiological emergency situation, threat or some other similar circumstance shall ensure that values for process parameters of reactors are transmitted to the Authority.
"We have for some time now been working together with the licensees to have this transmission of parameter data realised. Transmission in real time improves our potential for making early assessments of any need for protective measures," says Mr Skånberg.
The above-mentioned changes are in effect as of 1 August.
For more information, please contact: Lars Skånberg, Acting Department Director, Tel. +46 8 799 42 74, or the Authority's press officer, Tel. +46 8 799 40 20.