New report about the IAEA’s safeguards regime presented in Vienna on 18 September 2019

In connection with the International Atomic Energy Agency’s annual general conference in Vienna, the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation (VCDNP) has presented a new report on the IAEA’s possible future evolution in order to meet challenges in the field. This report was presented on 18 September in the form of a panel discussion involving the VCDNP and Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM.

With the assistance of SSM, the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation (VCDNP) undertook to conduct the study, whose purpose was to assess the need for and feasibility of new measures to further strengthen the IAEA’s regime for international safeguards, with the ultimate aim of ensuring peaceful applications of nuclear technology. In addition to research conducted by the VCDNP, the project encompassed a two-day workshop with invited safeguards experts from IAEA Member States, non-governmental organisations, academia, and former IAEA safeguards staff. The report is the result of the joint efforts.

“We are strong proponents of the IAEA’s tasks in the field of non-proliferation. By providing funding for this kind of research, we wish to do our part to help ensure that the IAEA has full capacity to meet new challenges, such as new types of nuclear facilities, a larger number of stakeholders in the nuclear power industry, as well as entirely new methods for verification. In my opinion, the report contains many useful suggestions and good ideas. Some of the assumptions for full future implementation will be continuing development work and more in-depth forms of co-operation established between the member states,” says Jenny Peterson, head of the section for nuclear non-proliferation and security at the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority.

At the IAEA’s 63rd General Conference, taking place on 16–20 September, representatives from most of the member states are participating, of whom several at minister level. The purpose is to, among other things, discuss aspects relating to more effective security measures and how new technology and nuclear science might be used for further strengthening of safeguards. From the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, participants include Director General Nina Cromnier, and Director Lars van Dassen, who heads SSM’s Office for International Relations.