2013:22 Sweden’s Cooperation with Eastern Europe in Radiation Safety 2012

On behalf of SSM I introduce this annual report for 2012 from the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM, as concerns our work to increase safety at nuclear power plants, security at facilities that have radioactive and nuclear materials, efforts to strengthen emergency preparedness, improve radiation protection, handle nuclear and radioactive waste issues and bolster nuclear regulatory offices. Measures in these fields were implemented in Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.

A number of overarching events took place in 2012 and these guided and influenced our work in 2012 as they will in the years to come. First of all, the Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul in March 2012 underlined the importance that the international community attaches to nuclear security. This includes international cooperation in the area and the use of international institutions such as the G-8 Global Partnership. The Swedish statement before the Nuclear Security Summit included references to the importance Sweden attaches to international cooperation in nuclear security.

At the Nuclear Security Summit, SSM was asked by US representatives whether Sweden would be willing to co-host one of the Working Group meetings under the US Presidency of the G-8 in 2012. The plan was approved by the Swedish Ministries of the Environment and for Foreign Affairs and in late August the Working Group meeting took place in Stockholm. It turned out to be the largest of the five GP meetings held in 2012 and it was a meeting that was able to address most important issues on the future directions for the G-8 Global Partnership.

The Global Partnership meeting in Stockholm also became the place and occasion when SSM together with counterparts from the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Federal State Nuclear Energy Corporation, ‘Rosatom’ and the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority laid the foundation for the “Moscow Conference”, a conference that was implemented in November 2012. The conference had the title The G-8 Global Partnership: Assessment and Options for Future Programming in the Fields of Nuclear and Radiological Security and it looked back at what had been achieved between 2002 and 2012 as well as creating a common agenda for the work to be done under the G-8 Global Partnership Declaration for the period from 2012 till 2022. More than 100 persons from Member States of the Global Partnership and international organisations participated.