2008:18 Concerns when designing a safeguards approach for the back-end of the Swedish nuclear fuel cycle

Sweden has for many years collected the spent nuclear fuel originating from nuclear power plants. This fuel must at all times be kept under supervision to render a diversion impossible; this is of course due to the possibility to make weapons from the material. One idea is to keep the nuclear material in a repository deep under the ground; this is not only to keep the material safe from theft but also to have a safe long-time storage as respect to the environment. As yet, no country has taken a deep repository in use; therefore, there are no routines for how the safeguarding of the nuclear material will be implemented.